Split ends, medically called trichoptilosis, is a term to describe the fraying or splitting of hair shafts. Split ends normally occur when chemical, mechanical, or thermal stress on the hair erodes the protective outer layer of the hair cuticle.
Furthermore, malnutrition and body dehydration could exacerbate split ends condition.
Common causes of split ends include; over-exposure of the hair to pollution, sun, heat, and dust; excessive use of styling tools such as hair straighteners and curlers; washing of your hair with hot water; poor oiling of the hair; use of low-quality hair combs or brushes; and excessive use of hair chemical treatments such as hair perming or hair coloring.
Here are some tips and good practices, to consider, when dealing with hair with split ends;
- Ensure you are using good quality hair brushes and combs.
- As open hair is more susceptible to split ends, endeavor to keep your hair tied as often as possible.
- Ensure your hair products are gentle on your hair.
- Endeavor to use as few chemicals on your hair as possible.
- Avoid brushing your hair when it is damp. Also, comb your hair gently.
- Allow for air-drying of your hair as much as possible. In the event you want to towel dry your hair, gently wrap the towel around your hair and simply squeeze different areas so that the towel can absorb the moisture.
- Endeavor to use hair-protective products such as deep/live-in conditioners and hair serums.
- Ensure you take a quick shower after swimming to prevent a build-up of chlorine on your hair which may lead to split ends.
- Endeavor to use as few chemicals, on your hair, as possible.
- Ensure you stay hydrated by drinking an adequate amount of water.
Below are natural treatments and home remedies for split ends;
1. Walnut Oil
Walnut is commonly referred as the ultimate brain food. It comes with a multitude of benefits which includes repairing dead hair cells, promoting hair growth, and fighting hair loss. To treat split ends, pre-heat the oil and use it to massage your scalp. Cover your hair and leave it to dry overnight. In the morning, shampoo your hair and let it dry. Use the oil 2-3 times a week until you get the desired look.
2. Candle Cutting
This technique originated from Brazil and has been in use since the 1960s. While it may sound a little insane, it’s one of the best remedies for split ends. To ensure it’s properly done, you should secure an appointment with a professional hairstylist. In candle cutting, your hair is twisted and split ends sticking out would be burnt off with fire from a candle. Thankfully, candle cutting allows you to keep the length of your hair. This is not a DIY hack.
3. Castor Oil
Castor oil eliminates itchy scalp, rehydrates the hair, and promotes hair growth. Furthermore, since castor oil has low molecular weight, it can easily penetrate into the hair shaft. For this remedy, dilute the oil with any carrier oil, such as coconut oil or olive oil, and apply on the scalp and the hair roots. Leave it for a few hours and then rinse with herbal shampoo.
4. Lemon Water
Lemon water is packed with nutrients like ascorbic acid, potassium, citric acid, flavonoids, phosphorus, and other active ingredients that are beneficial to hair growth. Lemon water is also a natural conditioner and a reliable hydrating agent. You should use lemon water as the final rinse after shampooing your hair. It would be very beneficial if you use this regimen every time you shampoo your hair.
Avocado contains fatty amino acids, magnesium, protein, and essential vitamins that stimulate hair growth. Furthermore, avocado has hair softening properties making it an effective remedy for split ends. To nourish your hair, mash an avocado and apply an egg white and some olive oil. Spread the creamy substance on your hair and allow it to sit for 30-45 minutes. After that, wash off with shampoo. Follow this remedy once a week.
6. Egg Mask
An egg has a rich nutritional profile. It has proteins that aid in strengthening the hair follicles and makes your hair smooth. Moreover, eggs enhance resistance to breakage. To make an egg mask, mix an egg yolk with three teaspoons of olive oil and one spoon of honey. Spread on a damp hair, leave it for 45 minutes and then rinse with a natural shampoo.
7. Coconut Oil
Coconut oil has antiviral and antibacterial properties. It helps to fight fungus, and most importantly it makes your hair shine. That’s why you’ll find coconut as an ingredient in most hair products. For healthy hair growth, put some coconut oil on your palm and apply it on your hair starting from the roots. Then, cover with your shower cap and leave it overnight. Once you wake up, shampoo the hair to remove the excess oil. Avoid using a hairdryer.
A banana contains banana oil (isopentyl acetate), potassium, vitamins, and carbohydrates which help to repair split ends. Not only that, banana improves the elasticity of your hair and prevents dryness minimizing breakage. To make a hair mask, put a ripe banana in a blender and add two spoonfuls of plain yogurt. Apply the mask to your hair, leave it for an hour and then wash off with soap and water. Use the mask twice a week.
Mayonnaise is a thick creamy sauce that is prepared with vinegar, oil and egg yolk. It nourishes your hair by making it soft and shiny. If you have a fizzy hair, homemade mayonnaise can help you deal with problems of split ends. Simply apply some mayonnaise from root to tip and allow it to sit for at least thirty minutes. After that, shampoo and rinse with water. When you use this remedy, your hair might have a funny smell.
10. Hot Oil Deep Conditioning
Hot oil can help to combat numerous problems associated with split ends. It works by locking in hair moisture. You can use coconut, sesame, mustard, almond, or avocado oil. For this remedy, slightly heat some almond oil, olive oil, or castor oil for 15 minutes and massage it on the hair. You can also add some essential oils, e.g., sandalwood or rosemary. Leave it for 20-30 minutes and then shampoo the hair. Use hot oil deep conditioning twice a week.
Papaya contains essential nutrients that aids in nourishing your hair. Furthermore, applying a ripe papaya on your hair can make it shiny and silky. To make a mask, mash a ripe papaya with a fork and then add some yogurt to get a pasty mixture. Spread it on the scalp and leave it for 15-20 minutes. Then, wash with regular shampoo and pat dry thereafter. Use the mask once a week.
While this may sound a little surprising, it works. A beer supplies proteins to the hair follicles. For a shiny hair, you should shampoo your hair, apply beer (from roots to ends) and then massage in a circular motion. Allow it to air dry. You don’t have to wash it, the smell with go away on its own.
13. Fenugreek Seed
Fenugreek seed powder prevents hair damage, hydrates the follicles and stimulates hair growth. To prepare a smooth paste, mix two tablespoons of the fenugreek powder with one tablespoon of yogurt. Then, apply this pasty mixture on the roots and cover with a shower cap. Keep the paste for 20-30 minutes and wash with warm water thereafter. Regular use of this remedy will leave your hair shiny and healthy.
14. Aloe Vera
Aloe vera contains proteolytic enzymes which aid in removing dead cells from the scalp, thus, allowing more hair to grow. Additionally, aloe vera has amazing anti-inflammatory and antimicrobial properties that promote healthy hair growth. Simply extract fresh gel from aloe vera leaves, apply on your hair and leave it for half an hour. For best results, you can also combine it with olive oil, jojoba oil, or lemon juice. Alternatively, you can use natural aloe vera shampoo 3-4 times a week.
Honey has humectants which ensure your hair does not lose moisture. Plus, it has antibacterial properties which keep your scalp clean and strengthens the hair follicles. To make your hair softer and shinier, mix two tablespoons of honey in warm water and use the solution as a moisturizer or natural hair conditioner.
16. Moroccan Oil
Moroccan oil is a modified version of argan oil in which other oils have been added to it. Moroccan oil is rich in omega-3 fatty acids and vitamin C which helps to strengthen the hair. Other than that, it softens the hair and leaves a sweet fragrance on your hair. To use this remedy, you should first shampoo your hair and apply the oil while your hair is still damp. Use the remedy every time you shampoo.
17. Chamomile Tea
Chamomile tea has antiseptic elements that promote hair growth by eliminating the dead cells. Also, it boosts your metabolism allowing the hair to grow quickly. To minimize split ends, steep two tea bags of chamomile in a cup of water, allow it to cool, then, rinse hair with the tea after shampooing your hair. Always use the herb after shampooing your hair.
18. Henna Leaves
Henna contains natural properties that encourage hair growth by making your hair thicker and softer. If you want to give your hair a natural color, grind a few henna leaves to make a paste and then apply on your hair. Allow it to stay for 45-60 minutes and then shampoo your hair. Alternatively, you can mix one tablespoon of henna powder with some water and spread on your hair. Wash off after one hour.
19. Indian Gooseberry (Amla)
Indian gooseberry is rich in antioxidant, anti-bacterial, and anti-inflammatory properties that help to revitalize the hair. For this remedy, mix two spoonfuls of Indian gooseberry powder with coconut oil and massage on the scalp. Likewise, you can mix some Indian gooseberry powder with some water to make a paste. Then, spread them on your hair and allow it to sit for twenty minutes. Taking Amla fruit every day will also give positive results, for your hair, in the long-run.
20. Tea Tree Oil
In most cases, scalp infections can make your hair follicles weak making you lose some strands. When in its natural form, tea tree oil fights fungal and bacterial infections without side effects. Furthermore, tea tree oil promotes healthy hair growth by eliminating dead skin cells on your scalp. To prevent split ends, mix equal units of tea tree oil, coconut oil, and almond oil. Then, spread the mixture on your hair and wait for 2 hours. Shampoo your hair and pat dry thereafter. This home-made oil mixture repairs and moisturizes your hair.
21. Onion Juice
Onion has hair growth ingredients that help to fight infections. Also, onion has a high amount of sulfur that helps to eliminate problems like hair breakage and thinning. To make an onion mask, mix coconut oil, onion juice, and almond oil. Apply the mixture on your scalp and let it sit for thirty minutes. After that, rinse the hair with herbal shampoo. For best results, use the mask once a week.
22. Apple Cider Vinegar
Apple cider vinegar is the most natural and cost-effective treatment for hair issues. Due to its antibacterial and antifungal properties, it helps to soothe the cuticles, thus, preventing hair strand damage. ACV also works as a natural conditioner by promoting porosity of your hair and balancing your hair and scalp pH. Before you think of cutting the split ends, try an apple cider vinegar rinse. First, make a home remedy by diluting apple cider vinegar with some water and apply on your hair. Shampoo your hair after thirty minutes and then rinse with diluted ACV. You could use this remedy two times a week.
23. Milk And Cream
When you combine milk and your hair cream, you not only make your hair smooth but also moisturize it. Since milk is rich in proteins, it will aid in tissue growth. Just mix a half cup of milk with two spoonfuls of cream and apply on the scalp and the roots of the hair. Allow it to dry for 15 minutes, then, shampoo the hair. You’ll see some positive results in a week or so.
24. Folic Acid And Biotin
The easiest way to eliminate split ends is by taking sufficient minerals and vitamins. Folic acid improves the thickness of the hair and aids in the production of red blood cells. On the other hand, biotin strengthens the hair follicles preventing hair loss. With this in mind, you should take foods rich in folic acid like oranges, wheat, soya beans, and green leafy vegetables. Also, regular intake of sunflower seeds, lentils, walnuts, and peas will supply your body with sufficient biotin. You can as well take them in supplement form.
25. Argan Oil
Argan oil contains antioxidants, fatty acids, and vitamin E which make it a remarkable rehydrating agent. Furthermore, argan oil would ensure your hair is well moisturized. Simply pour a few drops on your palm and apply on your hair starting from the roots to the tip. Use it every time you shampoo or between your shampoo days.
This herb contains zinc, magnesium, iron, and vitamins which play an important role in treating split ends. It also prevents damage to the hair follicles. For this remedy, mix two drops of sage oil with three drops of lavender oil and apply on your hair. Leave the oil overnight and then shampoo in the morning. You can also take sage tea although it will take much longer to show positive results.
27. Arnica Oil
This herbal infusion has excellent soothing and anti-inflammatory properties. It’s also a primary ingredient in most hair products. When you apply the oil on your scalp, you stimulate the growth of strong healthy hair and eliminate scalp infections. Use it three times a week for 1-2 months.
28. Shea Butter
Shea butter is rich in vitamins, minerals and essential fatty acids that soften the hair cuticle, thus, preventing hair damage. Furthermore, shea butter is a rich source of moisture which reduces dryness and breakage. Several studies have confirmed that shea butter helps to improve the cellular structure of your scalp. To use this remedy, preheat the butter, then, apply on wet hair and shampoo as usual. You can either use shea butter as a pre-wash or a deep conditioner.
29. Sandalwood Oil
Sandalwood oil works by locking in the moisture in your hair, thus, leaving no room for split ends. When you massage your scalp with sandalwood oil, your hair would also be dandruff-free. To give your hair a natural shine, use this essential oil on daily basis. Since its non-toxic, it can be used in children and adults.
30. Sesame Oil
Sesame oil contains essential minerals such as magnesium, phosphorus, iron, biotin, and calcium. It also has a high amount of vitamins making it a perfect solution for split ends. For this remedy, heat the oil and mix it with lemon juice and apply on the scalp. Wash with a natural shampoo after thirty minutes. Use the oil up to three times a week.
31. Coconut Milk
Coconut milk is loaded with vitamin C, iron, calcium, and fatty acids which smoothens the rough edges of your hair. To lubricate the hair strands, pour one spoonful of coconut milk on your palm, then, apply on your hair roots. Rinse your hair with a natural shampoo thereafter. Always ensure the coconut milk is at room temperature before application.
Curd contains essential ingredients that prevent breakage of hair strands. To use this remedy, mix four tablespoons of curd with one teaspoon of olive oil and a half spoonful of honey. Apply on the hair starting from the roots and rinse off after 30 minutes.
33. Cutting And Trimming
Trimming the split ends is an integral part of your hair routine. This remedy should be considered as one of the last options when you have numerous split ends that may interfere with normal hair growth. Make sure you seek professional help. You don’t have to worry; the hair will grow back.
34. Rosemary Oil
Rosemary oil possesses anti-inflammatory and antiseptic properties that strengthen the hair follicles. At the same time, rosemary oil improves blood circulation on the scalp. Mix three drops of rosemary oil with any carrier oil, such as olive oil or coconut oil, and massage the oil mixture into your scalp. Rinse with a shampoo after 45 minutes. Since the oil is non-toxic, it can be used by children and pregnant women.
35. Jojoba Oil
Jojoba oil is packed with antioxidants that give your hair a natural look. Just mix jojoba oil with equal portions of coconut and castor oil and then massage the mixture into your hair. Keep it for 30-45 minutes before rinsing off with plain water. Another way of reducing split ends is by adding a few drops of jojoba oil in your shampoo. To get shiny silky hair, use jojoba oil three times a week.
36. Rose Water
Rose water promotes hair growth by regulating proper blood flow in the scalp. It’s also effective in combating fungal infections and reducing hair fall. To ensure your hair remains strong, prepare a home remedy by mixing one teaspoon of lime juice with 4 teaspoons of rose water and one teaspoon of honey. Apply on the roots of your hair, cover with a shower cap for about 20 minutes, then, shampoo your hair thereafter.